False Flag Operations

22 12 2016


by Harun Yahya

Peace entails willpower, patience and effort. Although living together in comfort and harmony requires no effort and is beautiful, throughout history, many generations have considered war, murder and massacres surprisingly easy. Instead of showing the determination to preserve peace, love and friendship, they escalated even the smallest disagreements into wars where the blood of hundreds of thousands were shed and sometimes, they laid the groundwork for conflicts through tricks and deceptions even in the absence of any disagreement.

Aside from their conventional powers, all military forces, intelligence agencies or terrorist groups employ techniques of deception as a strategy. What is aimed at here is to withhold information such as the forces at hand, objectives, and strategies from the adversary and conceal the truth from the public eye. Another goal is to earn the consent of the belligerent’s own supporters, citizens or the world public. Sometimes, this aim is also exploited to provoke communities or governments and manipulate them towards a certain end.

These types of operations are called ‘false flag, counter-guerrilla, dirty war or black propaganda.’ The reason they are called “False Flags” is that in naval warfare, the captains of ships would sometimes hoist the flag of their adversary to be able to approach their ships without being noticed. In this case, seeing the approaching ship’s flag, the crew of the other ship would think it to be friendly but when the approaching ship came within the firing range, it would be too late. Today, this method of deception has become the general term that is used for illegal, shady operations. The entity globally infamous for conducting such operations is the British Deep State. We can summarize three false flag operations carried out by British Deep State in the recent history as follows:

The 1953 Iranian Coup D’etat: In the 1950s, the majority of Iran’s oil revenues were going to Britain and the people of Iran could not benefit from their own resources. Britain, fearful of Iran’s plans to nationalize its oil industry, came up with the idea for a coup in 1952 and pressed the United States to mount a joint operation to remove the prime minister. MI6 handpicked General Fazlollah Zahedi to succeed Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and covertly funneled $5 million to General Zahedi’s regime two days after the coup prevailed. Meanwhile, some Iranian collaborators working for MI6 staged bombings. Their intention was to turn the country’s Muslim community against Mossadegh. [1]

The 1957 Syrian Coup D’état: In August 1957, the British Deep State orchestrated terrorist organizations and a number of false flag operations to topple the Syrian government. Accordingly, fake unrest would be organized on the Syrian border, and this would be used as a justification for the invasion of the Western parts of the country and senior government officials would be assassinated. The Syrian government would be held responsible for conducting acts of sabotage and violence against the neighboring countries, and the British Deep State would demonstrate its psychological and operational talents to escalate the tension. In other words, the British Deep State would fuel civil rebellions, attempt to free the imprisoned political criminals, and stir up various groups within Syria against the government. [2]

The 2005 London Bombings: In July 7th, 2005, bombings were staged in a bus stop and an underground subway line in London. Following the attack, which was also dubbed ‘Britain’s 9/11′, the British government made various amendments to the anti-terrorism laws, restrictions were imposed on human rights, and the persecution particularly towards Muslim citizens saw a dramatic increase. Evidence surfaced in the following years which proved that the four Muslim suicide bombers accused by the government had nothing to do with the incident and the operations were carried out under the control of the deep state. [3]

There are many false flag operations conducted by various countries around the world that have now been exposed. We can list some of these as follows: Nazis setting the German Reichstag building on fire in 1933 and putting the blame on the Communist opposition; the Japanese exploding a bomb at a railway station in 1931 and laying the blame on the Chinese, thus trying to justify the occupation of Manchuria; Operation Gladio carrying out several assassinations in Italy and some other European countries and laying the blame on the opposition are a few of the many examples before us.

As we understand here, there are deep powers in the world who “organize and regulate evil” for the sake of achieving their purposes. In order to reach their goals, these powers conduct operations during which innocent civilians are killed, and try to gain the approval of the people on the local and global media by making it look like these operations have been carried out by others. Sometimes the intention is to eliminate or disgrace a government or a government official conflicting with the interests of the deep structure, while at other times it is to incite hatred in the people against an ethnic group or a non-governmental organization. These operations are frequently seen to be conducted against ethnic or religious groups. Usually, they use terrorists with fake Muslim IDs, in an attempt to portray Muslims as terrorists. The aim here is to incite hatred against Muslims in the country where the attack is carried out and governments are forced to impose various practices that will restrict Muslims’ rights and put pressure on them.

Therefore, it is of great importance for both people and governments to be really careful and meticulous so that such false flag operations do not reach their goals. It is of vital importance to monitor all incidents down to the smallest detail, to keep an eye out for any details that might go unnoticed in the background, and not to take an incident at face value, but to evaluate it in the light of all the uncovered evidence. In this way, it will be possible to eliminate any potential injustice towards an ethnic group, a religious group or a country, and above all, it will be possible to prevent the deep structure that has organized and regulated the said misdeed from achieving its goal.

[1] http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html

[2] https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/sep/27/uk.syria1?cat=politics&type=article; http://www.euronews.com/2013/08/28/false-flag-operations-a-history-of-controversial-military-decisions; http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/07/57-years-ago-u-s-britain-approved-use-islamic-extremists-topple-syrian-government.html

[3] http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-77-london-bombings-and-mi5s-stepford-four-operation-how-the-2005-london-bombings-turned-every-muslim-into-a-terror-suspect/5341948; http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/uk/coincidence%2Bof%2Bbomb%2Bexercises/109010.html


The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

During the Time of Abdul Hamid Darwinism and Materialism Spread to Every Corner of the Ottoman Empire

14 12 2016

by Harun Yahya

During this period the Ottoman Empire and the Islamic World were Fragmented

The Ottoman westernization movement which started with the Tanzimat Reform era was abused by some circles and used for one-sided propaganda of materialism and Darwinism. Positive demands such as modernization, scientific and artistic development were simply transformed into almost irreligious propaganda in certain fields, which initiated the downfall of the Ottoman Empire.

Under the primitive scientific conditions of an era when the cell was assumed to be a water-filled bubble and pens were not even yet in  common use , Darwin’s evolution theory was perceived as a scientific concept. Supporting science and the West was equated as being Darwinist and materialistic, and most of the time Darwinism was deliberately popularized to detract  society from religious ethics. Positivist, Darwinist, materialistic and irreligious philosophies which were first introduced to the Ottomans with the translations done in Abdulmecid period were starting to gradually gain ground. Starting with  Abdülaziz Han’s reign, a religious man, this one sided propaganda was halted. Abdülaziz Han realized what kind of a disaster Darwinism was and prevented its spread. He removed bureaucrats and government officials who carried out Darwinist and materialistic propaganda from their posts, and prevented the one-sided propagation of irreligious philosophies.

Abdülaziz Han’s  astute attitude caused great discomfort to some circles and after a short while Abdülaziz Han was dethroned and martyrized as a result of a coup attempt. The Darwinist propaganda Abdülaziz Han stopped during his reign reached its peak during the Abdülhamid period, when many Darwinist materialist texts, books and journals were published throughout the empire, particularly in Lebanon, Egypt, Syria and Istanbul, and even more perilous  was that Darwinism was included in the curriculum in many places. Darwinist materialist government officials that were removed from their posts in Abdülaziz Han’s period were restored to vital positions such as the Ministry Of Education, the Government Printing Office and the Grand Viziership. Darwinist people were appointed as administrators for educational institutions, notably Istanbul University. At the same time, Darwinist books and journals were   being printed – with the financial support of England at the time – throughout the Arabic world, especially in Egypt, and al-Azhar University virtually became the stronghold for Darwinist propaganda. Thereby, the British Deep State of the time took the first step in initiating their grand plan which is still in effect today. A training program to raise Darwinist Muslims who are removed from the Qur’an and didn’t possess the goal of  Islamic Unity was therefore started, which they believe would be able to collapse the Islamic world from inside.

When we carefully examine the Abdülhamid period, we can see that the main reason behind the process which caused Ottoman Empire to collapse and eventually led to the Treaty of Sevres was  Darwinist materialist propaganda. In this period,  irreligious propaganda was carried out by the state itself, and the Ottoman Empire was forced into a material and moral collapse. Now let’s examine how this process started and developed.

The Spread of Darwinism and Materialism across the Ottoman Empire
During Abdulhamit Period

munif pasa
Münif Pasha

1- Among the Ottoman intelligentsia, Münif Paşa was the leading person who popularized the evolution theory. Abdülhamid appointed Münif Pasha as the Minister of Education in 1879.

2- The so-called journal of science, Mecmua-yı Fünun, that Münif Pasha published was comprised of articles about evolution. Abdülaziz Han, who didn’t allow this journal to conduct Darwinist propaganda, was dethroned and martyred, which was disguised as a suicide after a coup attempt by Mithat Pasha, who was an Anglophile.

3- Mehmet Kamil Pasha the Cypriot, who served as the Minister of Education and Grand Vizier during Abdülhamid’s reign, was known to be an English sympathizer. His nickname was “English Kâmil”.

ingiliz kamil_pasa
 English Kamil Pasha

4- In 1880, during Abdülhamid’s reign, by the order of Münif Pasha, Egyptian evolutionist doctor Bishara Zalzal’s Darwinist book called “Enlightenment of the Mind” was reproduced and taught in the schools as a textbook. Bishara Zalzal dedicated this book to Abdülhamid and English colonial governor Lord Cromer. The book was also financed by English Lord Cromer.  Besides, Al Beyan journal which was published by Bishara Zalzal was regularly promoting Darwinism.

5- England’s colonial governor of Egypt Lord Cromer was a Freemason. He supported all evolutionist scholars in Egypt, notably the materialistic Muhabbed Abduh, and he changed the whole intellectual structure of Egypt under the guise of so-called enlightenment and modernization. It was also Lord Cromer who transformed the Al-Azher University into a base of Darwinism. He was the financial supporter of the Darwinist materialist books and journals that were spreading throughout the Arabic world from Egypt. He enabled evolutionist materialist Muhammed Abduh to become the chief mufti of Egypt in 1899. Muhammed Abduh was a Freemason and he is known as an Islamic reformist. For the British deep state, Islamic reform means constructing a conception of Islam which complies with their own Darwinist philosophy, a conception of Islam that is far removed from the real Islam and the Qur’an.  In the Ottoman Empire, during Abdülhamid’s reign, England printed and distributed evolutionist books throughout the Arabic world, particularly in Egypt, and Abdülhamid’s administration spread these books, journals and text to the entire Islamic world.

el Beyan_dergisi
Al Beyan journal

lord cromer
Lord Cromer
Muhammed Abduh
Muhammed Abduh

6- Dar al-Funun (today’s Istanbul University) was founded by Abdülhamid and a special professorship was established for teaching natural sciences. This professorship started to teach evolution. Dar ul-Funun Library, which was also founded by Abdülhamit, became the center of Darwinist materialist movement.

hoca tahsin_efendi
Hodja Tahsin Effendi

Hodja Tahsin Effendi, the rector of Dar ul-Funun, who was appointed by Abdülhamid, is known for explaining the creation of the universe, human beings and other living creatures with the evolution, and his endeavors to spread evolution. He is also known as “Monsieur Tahsin” or “Gavur (infidel) Tahsin” due to his adoption of materialistic philosophy. He is a close friend of the evolutionist Minister of Education Münif Pasha of the Abdülhamit period. Tahsin Effendi brought Jamalalldin Afghani who was an al-Azher graduate and evolutionist to Istanbul to promote evolution. Afghani is one of the important advocates of Hussain Al-Jisr’s evolutionist book. Hodja Tahsin trained numerous students, and later he was removed from duty because he was distorting his students’ beliefs. However, the materialist students he trained went to many remote villages of the Ottoman Empire as teachers. In this way, Darwinism spread rapidly across the Ottoman Empire.

risalei hamidiyye

7- Hamidiye epistle was written by  Hussain Al Jisr during Abdülhamid’s reign. This book claimed that “Darwin’s theory was not in conflict with the existence of God; that evolutionary theory can be interpreted in accordance with Islam and thus some verses can be interpreted as mutashâbih (metaphorical or allegorical meanings of the expressions of the Qur’an).” Twenty thousand copies of it was published and distributed. Al Jisr’s book, which was not in compliance with the Qur’an and science, pioneered in the delusion of linking Islam to Darwinism throughout the Islamic world. Ironically, Al Jisr, who was claiming that  living beings were not created by God, was appointed as the Palace Hodja by the Caliph Abdühamit and he was awarded with the Sultan prize. Al Jisr was also educated in al Azher. This epistle, which advocated Darwinism, and thus denied the existence of God, was translated into Turkish, Urdu and other languages, and distributed across the Ottoman Empire. It gained recognition from the so-called Islamic scholars from Syria, Turkey and Egypt, and caused great damage.

8- At the Natural History Professorship at Dar ul-Funun, evolutionist Ahmet Mithat’s essays were also taught as textbooks. Ahmet Mithat is recognized as the first Ottoman representative of evolutionary theory and social Darwinism.  Almost all of these essays were about the theory of evolution. Some of the titles are presented: “Adam and the Orangutan”, “The Feelings of Animals”, “What Would Happen If Humans Lived in Isolation”. Therefore, the Darwinist education system which is still in effect today, was gradually overtaking the Ottoman Empire.

ahmet mithat_1ahmet mithat_2
Ahmet Mithat

In his book, “What Would Happen If Humans Lived in Isolation”, evolutionist Ahmet Mithat claimed that humans possessed a so-called bestial past, that they attained their current level by evolving in time and that if a baby were to live among animals, he would adopt animal-like characteristics.

Another essay of Ahmet Mithat, “Humans’ Emergence In the World” which was also taught in schools, started with the following sentence, “Because humans are some kind of animal, we are naturally curious about how they came into existence on this new world.” It was entirely about Darwinist superstitions.

Ahmet Mithat’s another essay titled “Vengeance”, which was also taught in schools, was claiming that violence was a part of humans’ nature, meaning that it was about Social Darwinism:

“Vengeance is some kind of fairness and the violence of justice… Therefore, how can we think that these bad behaviors can harm us while they reside in our very nature?

“All these deviant ideas that contradict the Qur’an caused the new generation to become mentally devastated and spiritually collapse.

9- Ahmet Mithat Efendi, who was the first person to bring forward Darwin’s evolution theory in Ottoman period, said that “humans are so-called monkeys.” Due to his evolutionist writings, his publications were prohibited by Sultan Abdülaziz Han and he was sent to Rhodes. Ruler of the Rulers Abdülaziz Han issued the following order for Ahmet Mithat’s writings: “From now on, no printing house will ever print anything about Mithat Efendi’s monkeys.”


saffet pasa
Saffet Pasha
hoca tahsin
Hodja Tahsin

10- After Abdülhamid came into power, he called Ahmet Mithat Efendi back to Istanbul and made him found Tercüman-ı Hakikat gazette. The Tercüman-ı Hakikat gazette was published until 1921. The Ottoman Empire’s famous Darwinist writers such as Ahmet Cevdet and Ahmet Rasim were regularly publishing evolutionist articles.Also, Abdülhamit appointed Ahmet Mithat as the manager of Matbaayi Amire (Government Printing Office).

tabip hayrullah
Tabip Hayrullah Effendi (left)

11- Ahmet Mithat, a well-known evolutionist, was a close friend of one of the Ministers of Education of the period, Mehmed Esad Safvet Pasha. Upon Abdülhamit’s order, Saffet Pasha appointed evolutionist Hodja Tahsin Effendi as the rector of Istanbul University. He is one of the people who completely overhauled the Ottoman education system and brought it in line with the so-called European standards (in other words he integrated Darwinism into the education system). He is one of the founders of Galatasaray High School. In that period, Galatasaray High School had become one of the centers of Darwinian education. Meanwhile Saffet Pasha was one of the architects of the coup staged against Abdülaziz in 1876. Besides, Saffet Pasha is the grandfather of Sedat Simavi, the founder of Hurriyet gazette.

12- During Abdülhamit’s reign, Tabip Hayrullah Effendi’s essay “İnsanın Satıhı Arzda Sureti İntişarı” (The Creation and Rise of Man) was one of the most commonly taught evolutionist writings in schools. In the essay it was stated that, in addition to the narrative of human history which starts with Hazrat Adam, there also should be a so-called scientific explanation, that is, the evolution.

13- Abdullah Cevdet was educated in a medical school during Abdülhamit’s reign and he was one of the prominent Darwinist-materialists of the period. During his studies at the medical school, he became acquinted with materialistic biology and turned into an atheist. Abdullah Cevdet, who was promoting Darwinism and atheism in his essays and books, was appointed to Vienna embassy by Abdülhamid. Many historians consider Abdullah Cevdet as an opponent of Abdülhamid. However Abdullah Cevdet was one of the informers of Abdülhamid. He settled in Vienne by the money given to him by Abdülhamid. Oddly enough, he was also one of the leading figures of the 1908 coup attempt, which dethroned Abdülhamid.

At the same time Abdullah Cevdet was a Social Darwinist. According to Abdullah Cevdet’s fallacies, in order for a society to develop and become civilized it is enough to have a group of people insociety whose skull sizes are greater than the average. According to him, social superiority is also to be determined by the skull size ratio of the societies.

Abdullah Cevdet said, “We should bring men from Europe and America for breeding to reform our race (meaning Turkish people).” (We exonerate our people.)

Abdullah Cevdet was a member of the İngiliz Muhipler Cemiyeti (Friends of the English Society) which advocated the mandate government. This society was founded by Anglophiles during the invasion of Istanbul with the mission of making people accept the British invasion.

During the British invasion of Istanbul, they reported the patriots who were initiating the movement for independence, and had themarrested.

abdullah cevdet_1abdullah cevdet_2
Abdullah Cevdet
abdullah cevdet_funun_ve_felsefe

Abdullah Cevdet, who believed that Kurds should be seperated from the Ottoman Empire, is accepted as one of the mentors of an autonomous Southeast. The British Deep State gave him the mission of fragmenting the Ottoman Empire and spreading seeds of seperation between Turks and Kurds.

besir fuad
Beshir Fuad

One of the many evolutionist publications of Abdullah Cevdet is the book titled “Science and Philosophy” in which Ahmet Cevdet tried to associate the ideas of Islamic scholars with the materialistic philosophers.

Şerif Mardin said; “An examination into the ideas of Abdullah Cevdet reveals how the Western Darwinist thought influenced our intelligentsia.”

14- Beşir Fuad, who was among the first Turkish materialists, published his works during Abdülhamit’s reign. Between the years 1883-1887, Beşhir Fuad wrote 14 books and more than 200 essays. He introduced Darwinist, positivist, materialist Western scholars and writers to the Ottoman intellectuals. Beşir Fuad was particularly influenced by the evolutionist ideas of Claude Bernard and Büchner. Beşir Fuad committed suicide at 35 and penned his feelings while dying. He said that the reason behind this act was to acquire and leave behind scientific data, even a little, about the feelings felt during the moment of death. However, this act created a tremendous impression on the Ottoman society and press who were until then not acquainted with the concept of suicide, and unleashed a flood of suicides in Istanbul.

The Darwinism’s Imposition into Arabic World by the British Deep State
During Abdülhamit’s Reign

lord cromer(1)
Lord Cromer

1- Until the year 1876, in which Abdülhamid came to power, no publication, essay or book on the theory of evolution or Darwin was written in the Arabic world. Starting with Abdülhamid’s reign, the Arabic world  was exposed to Darwinist propaganda as well.

2- Darwin’s theory was first mentioned in Arabic in three essays published in a monthly journal called al-Mukhtataf.  This journal was founded in Beirut by Yakup Sarruf and Faris Nimr in 1876.

In the first issue of the journal, there were three essays on the origin of men that were written by Rizkullah al-Barberi. These essays promoted Lamarck’s non-scientific opinions and praised Darwin.

Three more essays were published in the second issue of the journal. These essays which were on anthropology from an evolutionist viewpoint were authored by evolutionist Doctor Bishara Zalzal and they were about anthropology.

3- After the British Deep State invaded Egypt in 1881, al-Azhar University became the center for Muslim evolutionists. The first Arabic book about evolution was written in 1882.

4- The British High Commissioner Lord Cromer who governed Egypt during Abdülhamit’s reign, between the years 1876-1907, was a fervent Darwinist. Being a Darwinist, Cromer firmly believed in the superiority of the Western race. He advocated that Islamic world and Egyptian society were inferior races, that they had a lower intellect and they should be governed by the superior Anglo-Saxon race. According to Cromer’s deviant Darwinist beliefs, Eastern societies had to be oppressed and disciplined by the West.

5- In 1879, evolutionist Bishara Zalzal published a 368 page book in Alexandria. This evolutionist book, “Enlightenment of the Mind”, was written both in prose and verse and dedicated to Abdülhamit.  In the book, there was a portrait of Lord Cromer, under which he was called “a typical example of an Anglo-Saxon” followed by 2 lines of praise. Both the title of the book and Cromer’s portrait revealed Zalzal’s great admiration for English.

6- Darwinist Lord Cromer supposedly renovated the al-Azhar University and appointed evolutionist Muhammed Abduh, who is the founder of the so-called Islamic modernism, as the head mufti of Egypt. This renovation and modernization is nothing more than the imposition of Darwinism to crumple Muslims from inside. Along with his mentor Cemaleddin Afghani, Muhammed Abduh is one of the Muslim evolutionists. Darwinism spread to the Arabic world, even to India and Pakistan, from this place.

muhammed abduh
Muhammed Abduh
celaleddin afgani
Jamaladdin Afghani
hoca tahsin
Hodjca Tahsin Effendi

7- Evolutionist Jamaladdin Afghani defended the fallacy that God created living beings through evolution. Jamaladdin Afghani came to Istanbul during Abdülhamid’s reign, and collaborated with the evolutionist rector of Istanbul University Hodja Tahsin Efendi, who was appointed by Abdülhamit. Evolutionist Afghani was assigned as the member of Encümen-i Daniş, which is considered as the beginning of Ergenekon organization, and of the Great Education Council, which determined the Ottoman’s education policies.

celaleddin afgani
Jamaleddin Afghani

8- Jamaladdin Afghani was an advocate of Social Darwinism. He explained that, the only way for the nations in the Islamic world to improve is by fighting with each other. Many warmongering radical organizations are established upon these ideas, and the spiral of violence in the Islamic world that still persists today is based upon Afgani’s Darwinist ideas.

9- So-called Arabic enlightenment movement that developed as the Nahdaa Movement in the Arabic world is also influenced by the evolutionist world view. The founder of the Nahdaa movement, which started in the Egypt under English influence, Rifa al Tahtawi is an evolutionist. Nahdaa movement was  turned into a Darwinist movement which incited radical Arabic nationalism. Afghani and Muhammed Abduh were the pioneers of this movement.

rifa el_tahtavi
Rifa el Tahtawi
lord cromer(1)
Lord Cromer
munif pasa
Münif Pasha

10- By the order of Münif Pasha, who was appointed as the Minister of Education by Abdülhamid, Darwinist Egyptian Doctor Bishara Zalzal’s book “Enlightenment of the Mind” was reproduced and taught as a textbook in schools. The book widely covered Lamarck’s evolutionist explanations, which were debunked later, and Darwinism.

risalei hamidiyye

11-Lebanese writer Husain al-Jisr is one of the early defenders of the theory of evolution. He was also educated in Al-Azhar during Lord Cromer period. He defends the fallacy that evolution does not conflict with the Qur’an and the Qur’an explains the evolutionary creation. The printing of the Hamidiye epistle, where he defends this fallacy, was financed by Lord Cromer. Abdülhamit printed 20,000 copies of this book and distributed them. Al Jisr dedicated this book to Lord Cromer and Abdülhamit.

12- During Abdülhamid’s reign, so-called scientific evolutionist journals increased in numbers in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria. The three most important of these were the following:

Al-Muktataf (1876-1952)

Al-Hilal (1892-1930)

Al-Mashrik (1898-1930)

These Darwinist journals’ devastating effect was not limited to the Arabic world. It widely spread to the Indian peninsula and Ottoman Empire through long lasting intellectual, social, political and economical relations. For example, al-Muktataf became a well- known journal in the Indian peninsula. The Arabic translations of the Darwinist writings published in the Arabic journals released in Lebanon and Egypt were later translated into Urdu and Turkish.

13- Evolutionist Arabs popularized Social Darwinism. As a result, a racist conception of Arab nationalism was adopted by Arabs. In this way, the fragmentation of the Islamic world, and the goal to set Muslims against each other was accomplished.

14- The socialist Ba’athist mentality, which later caused huge amounts of blood to be shed in the Arabic world, also started to take shape during this period.

15- The Imposition of Darwinism into India by England: Indian Muslim Sayyid Ahmad Han was also spreading the theory of evolution among Indian and Pakistani Muslims. Sayyid Ahmad Han, who was influenced by Muhammed Abduh, was also an Anglophile. He was knighted by the English monarchy and was awarded the “Sir” title. Sayyid Han stated the following: “We are bound and committed to the British government. We are not committed to the caliph of Islam. We would rather be committed to the English administrators of our own country than to a caliph who is far away.” Allame Ikbal and Muhammed Ali Jinnah, two of the founders of Pakistan, were followers of Ahmad Han. Aligah University founded by Sayyid Ahmad Han, virtually became the center of Darwinism. Many Indian and Pakistani politicians graduated from this school.

seyyid ahmed_han_2seyyid ahmed_han
Sayyid Ahmad Han

Some of the Evolutionist Books and Journals From the Abdülhamit Period

1- Hodja Tahsin Efendi,  Tarih-i Takwin Yahud Hilqat – (The History of Existence or Creation), first edition 1893

hoca tahsin_tarihi_tekvin_yahud_hilkat
maarif dergisi_18922- Maârif journal, a journal of science and literature that included evolutionist writings, 1892

3- Servet-i Fünun Journal, known for its materialist and Darwinist writings, 1892 

servet i_funun_dergisi

4- İçtihad Mecmuası, an evolutionist philosophical journal published in Istanbul and Cairo, 1904

ictihat mecmuasi
bahce dergisi_selanik5- The article explaining Darwin’s life in Bahçe journal published in Thessaloniki, 1909
evrimci iktisat_dergisi6- Evolutionist journal of economy, Ulum-u İktisâdiye ve İçtimâiye Journal, 1908

Dutch historian Raynhart Dozi’s book titled Tarih-i İslamiyet, which aimed to explain Islam through materialism and used disrespectful implications towards Islam and Our Prophet, translated by Abdullah Cevdet, 1908Ulum-ı İktisadiyye ve İctimaiyye journal (1908-1911) included many materialist writers’ writings such as Sâti al-Husri, Bedii Nuri, Asaf Nef’i, Dr. Edhem, Faik Nüzhet. Darwinist propaganda was the essential principle of the journal.

raynhart dozi_tarih_i_Islamiyet
el muktataf8- Al Mukhtataf, one of the the most famous Arabic-language evolutionist journals during Abdülhamid’s reign.  Al Muktataf was the first journal to explain Darwin’s theory in Arabic. It was printed in Cairo and Beirut, and distributed throughout the Middle East, particularly in Iraq, Iran and Yemen, and even in India.

9- Evolutionist journal ed-Diya, which was first published in Cairo Egypt in 1906

ed diya_dergisi
et tabib10- Evolutionist journal At Tabib, published in Lebanon

11- Husein Al Jisr’s book Hamidiye Epistle, which explained the fallacy that the Qur’an contained evolution. 20,000 copies of this book was printed and distributed by Abdülhamit. 

risalei hamidiyye

12- Al Bayan journal, which was released by Doctor Bishara Zalzal, was regularly conducting evolution propaganda.

el beyan_dergisi

13- Semseddin Sami’s Darwinist book titled “Human Once More”, 1886

yine insan_1886

14- Al Irfan journal, which included evolutionist writings published in Beirut

el irfan_dergisi



The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

Who Are the Real Losers of US Elections?

12 12 2016


by Harun Yahya

In 2016 US Elections, Republican Party candidate Donald Trump won the election and became the 45th President of the United States.  Nowadays, everyone is talking about Trump and his success, which seems unusual at first glance. On one hand it is debated that whether if new policies will dominate the world politics, on the other, predictions are made about how these policies will develop.

Even though Trump’s victory in the elections is widely talked about, it is necessary to talk about the losers of the election and its reasons. The loser of the election is in fact not the Democratic Party candidate Hillary Clinton, she is just the visible face of defeat. The actual factor that paved the way for Trump’s victory in presidential elections is American people’s longing for the old “American dream” spirit. When the results of the US elections are examined, this must be taken into consideration.

The primary losers of the election are undoubtedly the soulless mindset that took the United States under its influence for a long time and the circles that support it. The abnormal reactions seen after Trump’s victory already shows the discomfort some circles feel, those who consider themselves as the losers.

The elections also has ideological losers. The so-called “Positive Internationalists,” the reflection of the Neo-cons on the Democratic side, can also be included in this group. Even though a part of this group, including Hillary Clinton, claims that they are liberal and even leftist, they in fact consist of conservatives who are in favor of a rigid military. Besides, they also advocate pretty much the same ideas with the Neo-cons.

Another loser of the elections is the supporters of war, both in and out of USA. These people were waiting for a president who would be matching their own mindset so that new bloody conflicts will be ensured in Iraq, Syria, Libya, Yemen and Afghanistan. Their dream was to be able to continue the longstanding debilitation and separation policy by means of conflicts. But the US elections gave an important lesson to those who seek “more war”: The people of the US no longer want war in the Middle East.

Another loser of the 2016 US elections was the so-called “mainstream media” of United States. After Trump’s victory, certain media outlets’ influence over US administration, which consider themselves as the “main” branch of media and manipulate facts for their own interests, was severely broken.

In fact, we have witnessed similar events not only in the United States, but also in many countries, including Turkey. Some media outlets that establish/overthrow governments, ensure electoral victory or defeat, create economic crises in countries, and enrich certain people or bankrupt others with untruthful and provocative headlines, are severely defeated in the face of the power of people.

Before the elections, no matter which American citizen you ask, they would have said that the media is determining who is going to be the President. However, the 2016 US elections showed that a popular movement based on strong and right values could break all the power the mainstream media had. Without doubt, said media outlets will not retain their old reputation and influence in the coming days.

With Trump’s election as president, the patrons of finance who dragged United States into the current economic depravity, fueled inequality of income and drowned the country in debt, were also shaken. Trump announced that a new economic strategy would be implemented, saying that he will appoint his own staff to all important economical positions, including the US central bank FED. It appears that, from now on, the United States government will adopt a policy that spends people’s money on the right places, reduce waste, and trillions of dollars worth of so-called rescue operations will be a thing of the past.

Economic reforms are indeed crucial, but the main thing expected from Trump is that he brings back the old American spirit as he promised. It is the American spirit that attaches great importance to spirituality, which will bring comfort and prosperity to the United States, a long-suffering victim of economic, moral and societal collapse.

President Trump is well aware that there is no need for a country to oppress or drive other nations to poverty in order to prosper itself. The real secret of achieving prosperity lies in establishing a bond of love and a strong alliance. Alliances based on reason, friendship and mutual trust will easily bring refinement to the whole world.

Finally, the mindset “There is only mutual interests, but no friendly relations between the countries” is a false one and it should be abandoned by all the countries of the world, not just the USA. If people can be friends, partners and can act together for an ideal, countries can do the same too. The countries can also become true allies, and both sides can act altruistic while looking out for each other’s interests in all cases. This is what needs to be done to ensure lasting peace and social order in the world.

I believe that in a very short time the US will embrace this humanitarian principle in every aspect; abandon old mindsets, and quickly get rid of its false friends and try to seek out real friends with whom they share common values. It can be seen that the new government that will take a new shape with Trump will inject a new spirit into the USA and revive “the American dream.” Revival of the long-awaited American dream that is free of wars, conflicts, exploitation and self-interest mentality will not only bring beauty to the USA, but the entire world.


The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

The Map of the Middle East Was Drawn by the Contemporary 40 Thieves

1 12 2016

by Harun Yahya

According to historians, the cause of the wars in the Middle East is the artificial borders drawn up at the beginning of the 20th Century. The post-Ottoman states of the region were not founded upon historical, sociological or geographical facts. Iraq and Syria being in particular, the new borders were drawn in line with the interests of the British Empire. Many political analysts believe it was the secret Sykes-Picot Agreement – signed between Britain and France – that shaped the modern Middle East. But in reality, the map that threw the region into turmoil for a hundred years was drawn at the Cairo Conference held with the attendance of many British diplomats, military figures, spies and politicians. The then Colonial Secretary, Winston Churchill, dubbed this crew, who divided the Ottoman Empire on paper, as “40 Thieves”.

churchill-abdullah-samuel-jerusalem 2

The Ottoman Empire’s separation accelerated in the early 19th Century. Britain, France and Russia, the three great imperialist empires of the era, were in a fierce competition to seize this 20 million square kilometers of territory. Although history books present it as a three-way competition, the de facto leader and decision maker of this alliance had always been the British Empire. The decisions of war and peace would be taken in London, and the British statesmen would always have the final say when the territorial distribution was concerned. In the period of more than a century leading up to the World War I, three-fourths of the Ottoman territories were separated among these three empires. The Northern Black Sea and Caucasus was granted to the Russians; the Balkan countries became supposedly sovereign states under British protectorate and North Africa largely came under British rule. Algeria was occupied by the French and from this division, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was granted Bosnia-Herzegovina as an appeasement.

For the remaining territories, Britain, France and Russia signed the Sykes-Picot-Sazonov Agreement in 1916 behind closed doors while World War I was still raging on. Following the October Revolution (the Bolshevik coup d’etat), Russia withdrew from the agreement; thus, the agreement was renamed as ‘Sykes-Picot’. After the war, Britain decided to form the borders on its own, pushing France aside as well. To that end, a conference was held at the Semiramis Hotel, Cairo in March 12th, 1921.

The meeting was chaired by the British Colonial Secretary, Winston Churchill. The meeting was held in great secrecy and was featured in neither the press nor the memoirs of the attendees.

Among the “40 Thieves”, all of whom were British citizens, were the British spies archaeologist Gerthrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence, their local collaborators Jafar al-Askari and Sassoon Hasqauil; the British invasion commanders General Edmund Allenby, Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard, Hubert Young, and the British Invasion Civil Administrative Herbert Samuel, Francis Archer and Arnold Wilson and the Baghdad High Commissioner Sir Percy Cox.

The decisions that were put into practice following the congress in Cairo constitute the basis of the problems the Middle East faces today. As per the decisions taken in this meeting, the Ottoman territories were split up as follows:

  1. The Palestine region was to be ceded to the British mandate. Abdullah of the Hashemite Dynasty was to become the King of Jordan.
  2. Lebanon and Syria were to be temporarily ceded to French rule and the system of governance there was to be determined by the French.
  3. The Hejaz region was to be granted to Hussein, the Sharif of Mecca.
  4. The Arabian Peninsula and Nejd were to be granted to the House of Ibn Saud.
  5. Britain was to continue paying subsidies to the House of Ibn Saud and the Sharif of Mecca. Britain’s Royal Air Force was to be responsible for ensuring the safety of the entire region. (In accordance with this particular assignment, the British bombed thousands of settlements in the Middle East, martyring tens of thousands of innocent civilians).
  6. And finally, Faisal, the son of Sharif Hussein of the Hashemite dynasty, who staged the Arab Revolt, was to be installed as the King of Iraq.

One of the most significant decisions of the meeting was the foundation of the Iraqi state. Until then, no country named Iraq had existed in history, nor a nation labeled as “Iraqi”. Throughout history, the region had always been known as ‘Mesopotamia’: It was in this meeting that the name ‘Iraq’, which means ‘country far from sea’, was mentioned for the first time. Determined as the King of Iraq by the “40 Thieves”, Faisal was a member of the Hashemite Dynasty and he had been chosen as the King of Syria. Once the rule of Syria had been ceded to France, Faisal ended up as the King of Iraq. Faisal was not from Mesopotamia, incidentally; he was actually born in Hejaz. A person who had never been in Iraq was thereby duly appointed as the King of those lands.













When King Faisal ascended to the throne of Iraq, the land was in a state of complete disorder. The rival Turkish, Arabic and Kurdish communities

rebelled against the new British mandate government. The British were able to quell this rebellion and successfully installed the King only by paying around 40 million Pounds.

Since the reign of King Faisal to our day, 15 separate insurrections have occurred in Iraq. Shiite and Kurdish massacres took place. The country was ruled by dictators for a period of almost 50 years. Iraqi territories faced two occupations and virtually all the major cities were destroyed: The death toll reached 500,000 in the Iran-Iraq War alone. Since the day it was artificially founded to our day, the country has seen no shortage of death and blood.

Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Israel and Yemen also share a similar history. As for Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, there has been no period that has not been beset by greater or lesser degrees of internal turmoil and political instability. Royal Air Force warplanes had to step in to be able to implement the decisions made in the Cairo Conference. The revolts that broke out in Syria, Jordan, Yemen, Iraq and Palestine were suppressed in the most brutal manner. Cities, towns, villages were levelled to the ground under heavy bombardments. During the 100 years following the meeting in Cairo, many Christians, Jews and Muslims lost their lives in never-ending wars. Shiites, Sunnis, Nusayris, Wahhabis, Alawites had forgotten their ties of brotherhood and slaughtered each other. Arab, Yazidi, Assyrian, Turkmen and Kurdish women and children have been the victims of the most ruthless persecution. Millions of Middle Easterners were massacred because of the maps devised by the “40 Thieves”.

The map that was drawn back then is still being fine-tuned to this day and this is still refined a bit further through bloodshed, war, animosity and conflict. There is only one way to change this picture: Regardless of their religion, language and race, the people of the region must regard their differences as a blessing and remember that they are brothers. In that regard, a major responsibility falls on the shoulders of Muslims that are being overwhelmed by denominational wars. Muslims should come to the realization that ‘sectarian conflict’ is nothing but an artificial feud. At the same time, they should be the guardians of other religions. This is the only solution that will put an end to the war that has been raging for a century and thwart the schemes being played on the Middle East.


The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

Why Did The Americans Elect Trump?

22 11 2016


by Harun Yahya

The American people voted for their new President and Congress members on November 8th. Not only the US but the entire world monitored the election campaign of both parties with great interest since everyone was curious about how their countries would be affected with the new government. They were wondering if the US would continue to interfere in foreign countries’ conflicts or if it would focus on their own people’s needs and interests.

The election resulted in an unexpected way and Trump became the 45thPresident of the United States. Some of the statements he made during his election campaign vis a vis immigrants, women or Islam are wholly unacceptable; however, we hope that he will change once he actively comes to office because he gave messages of unity to his fellow citizens and promised to have good relations with those states that would like to get along with them in his acceptance speech. Besides, he corrected some of his comments by saying he would not allow illegal immigrants to enter the country while numerous legal immigrants were in the queue for being accepted to America. It is noteworthy to mention here that the main cause for the immigration issue is the current situation in the Middle East. Everybody is cognizant that it was the erroneous American policy that turned the region into a warzone because according to the analyses Pentagon put forth in 2003, 2007 and 2014, both climate change and the regime changes they made would be the threat multiplier to increase immigration.

It is not hard to predict how the situation in the Middle East would be if Clinton were elected as the President. She held quite a hawkish policy in the Middle East when she was incumbent as the Secretary of State and she kept a similar stance in her statements during her campaign. This would definitely mean more war in the region. Even though Obama came to office with promises of change in America and his 2008 campaign slogans included expressions closely related to his stance such as, “Yes, we can,” “Change,” “Hope”, he did not keep to his words. During his campaign, he promised to keep America away from foreign conflicts and crises and to hold a peaceful policy and he even received Noble Peace Prize during his incumbency. Yet, what we see now is that the United States is actively in multiple military operations in the Middle East. Similarly, Secretary Clinton would be very likely to follow his route since she adopts a parallel foreign policy and she is under the influence of some US lobbies just as Obama was and it is very unlikely to make decisions discrepant from these lobbies supporting the Democratic Party.

Consequently, this election result is indicating the frustration of the American people of the status quo they have been dealing with for more than eight years. They elected Obama because they thought he would make a difference but he could not make it happen. It would not be fair to put the blame only on him because the President is not the sole authority to make the decisions in the US; he has to take the consent of the Congress, which consists of the House of Representatives and the House of Senates. The senators and the representatives have the right to veto the President’s decisions with the exception of his executive orders. When we take Obama administration into consideration, we see the dominance of GOP members in both of the branches of the Congress, and thus Obama’s hands were tied to implement what he wanted. From this perspective, this new American government is fortunate since the new President and the Congress are all from the same party and it is something Americans have not witnessed since the 1920s. Despite the fact that it is not a secret some of the Republican members are not in favor of Trump’s policy, with his new administration Trump will probably seek ways to get along with them and find a common ground as to their disputes.

If we analyze the election from a Middle Eastern standpoint, we see some countries who are at ease with the results and some who are worried. It is good to see an America extending a peaceful hand to Russia because such an alliance may well mean a solution for the bloodshed in Syria and Iraq. Trump’s stance regarding Turkey is also pleasing as his Secretary of Defense candidate Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn penned an article in the Hill stating the importance of Turkey as America’s ally and that Turkey needs their support. It is hopeful for our country since Turkey had very tense relations with the US lately due to their operations in Syria and their supply of weapons to the YPG, an affiliate of the PKK terrorist organization. When Iran is taken into account, we view a disappointed country regarding Trump’s election. It is because Trump made some criticism touching on the Iran Nuclear Deal signed after on and off negotiations with the associated states. It was considered a democratic victory for the Iranians since it meant lifting of the sanctions and an opportunity of involving into the international arena after a long waiting. Our Iranian brothers should not be disturbed with the result because first of all the Iranian Nuclear agreement is an international contract signed by P5+1 and cannot be abrogated only by the US. Additionally, after the elections his tone changed and he said he would review the nuclear deal instead of cancelling it. Everyone knows very well that campaign statements do not always coincide with what they do when they officially take office.

Since Trump would like to have dovish foreign policy in the Middle East, he will very likely seek to keep the good relations recently built with Iranian people. Being a good partner of Russia and Turkey will also affect America by continuing to make progress with Iran. Such a stance will definitely win the hearts of Iranians and this would be a fair deal to prevent anti-American reactions that would rise in Iran if the contract is broken and this would not benefit anyone either in the States or in our region. As Muslims from the Middle East who have suffered from the ongoing bloodshed long enough, we expect President Trump to have a better policy for the Middle East than the former administration and find a diplomatic solution for the crisis in Iraq and Syria.


The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

The Knot Can Be Untied Only Through Moral Values

13 11 2016


by Harun Yahya

Our world is in conflict in almost every corner drawing a number of nations into some level of warfare, instability and inevitably, terrorism. In the heart of this firestorm lies the Middle East, spreading over a transcontinental region often referred to as the “Cradle of Civilisations”. This particular part of the world has played a crucial part globally in terms of politics, strategy, religion, culture and economics. Yet, today we see that this historical accumulation woven with the contributions of many of the greatest states and empires from all faiths and nations is being destroyed both by the bloody actions of terrorist groups and radical organisations and the military interventions of foreign powers.

Looking deep into the truth of the matter in regard to the issues in the Middle East, we see that superstitions, fabricated hadiths and bigoted beliefs that have no place in Islam are the main reasons of the terror, violence and fragmentation that encompasses the entire region.

The main problem of the Arab world is not radical militants, but the radical ideology within their minds and brains. The adherents of this radical and bigoted system have in fact abandoned the core essence and spirit of Islam and the Qur’an and have thus been misled to violence, hatred, wars and suffering between sects and various groups.

What needs to be done is not to wipe out the followers of this deviant mindset but to eradicate the fanaticism and bigotry that emerge in the name of true religion.

Incorporating the beauties of love, compassion, brotherhood, unity and harmony, religion is the assurance of peace, prosperity, human rights, social justice, democracy, freedom and equality for all of humanity.

If the societies in the Middle East had lived perfectly in compliance with these superior values of Islam, that would be the end of all the bloodshed, hostility and troubles in the region. There is definitely no place for pressure and compulsion in Islam. Freedom of religion, faith and thought perfectly complies with the Qur’an.

Knowing that religion shapes the Arabic and Middle Eastern cultures, and has a huge impact on all spheres of life such as politics, economics, law, culture, science, art, and education, it is not possible to bring a solution to the problems in the Arabic world without incorporating religion.

In the Middle East, everything is based on Islamic traditions and almost the entire region carries motives based on Islam. Therefore, it is essential to place religious values at the centreof any resolution in the Middle East.

That is why strict military policies and bombs are not the key to peace, tranquility and security as desperately awaited by millions of people for many long years. Quite the contrary, violence only yields more violence.

Smart bombs and modern warfare have always fostered more hatred, rage, and radicalisation. Radical organisations that are the main reasons of instability and confusion continue their attacks and gain more followers.

The deeply-rooted problems of the Middle East can be solved with diplomacy, reconciliation and love rather than war, conflict and hatred. Diplomatic and peaceful methods should be continuously employed until peace is achieved.

This necessitates the communication of real Islam to wipe away the mistaken beliefs that have sprouted in some people’s minds. Societies are in need of a spiritual education and must be revived spiritually. This spiritual education should definitely be an education based on the Qur’an and not on the fabricated hadiths that lead the masses to radical ideas.

As is known, clergymen and spiritual leaders are important in Arab societies; they are cultural ambassadors and opinion leaders. Of course it is very important for these cultural ambassadors to be sincere, rational people acting with the spirit of love and compassion.

The existence of leaders who live, preach and exemplify the moral values of the Qur’an in the best way is the key aspect for solving problems.

Therefore, they would play a substantial role in this education. Indeed, most of the time the role of religious leaders are more important than politicians, academicians, artists, international media pundits or corporations in the Middle East.

To that end, the spiritual leaders of the Middle East can become the real saviors of the region by embracing a language of love, unity, brotherhood, understanding, peace, and by carefully avoiding speeches that will provoke hatred, rage and hostility. In order to efficiently break major deadlocks, they may attain meaningful and fruitful results based on sound religious values that demand peace and good conduct between all parties.

During these difficult days that the region is passing through, all efforts should be made and supported for encouraging this massively under-appreciated method of moral diplomacy to repair the broken relations and bring about the anticipated security, stability and welfare. Those taking part in this diplomatic effort will be the real contributors to peace in the Middle East.


The writer has authored more than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, religion and science. He may be followed at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com

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